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Grammar Vocabulary

Grammar Vocabulary

Grammar Vocabulary

This is a short list of grammar terms and definitions. We have a longer list of grammar terms here.

active voice
In the active voice, the subject of the verb does the action (eg They killed the President). See also Passive Voice.

adjective
A word like big, red, easy, French etc. An adjective describes a noun or pronoun.

adverb
A word like slowly, quietly, well, often etc. An adverb modifies a verb.

article
The “indefinite” articles are a and an. The “definite article” is the.

auxiliary verb
A verb that is used with a main verb. Be, do and have are auxiliary verbs. Can, may, must etc are modal auxiliary verbs.

clause
A group of words containing a subject and its verb (for example: It was late when he arrived).

conjunction
A word used to connect words, phrases and clauses (for example: and, but, if).

infinitive
The basic form of a verb as in to work or work.

interjection
An exclamation inserted into an utterance without grammatical connection (for example: oh!, ah!, ouch!, well!).

modal verb
An auxiliary verb like can, may, must etc that modifies the main verb and expresses possibility, probability etc. It is also called “modal auxiliary verb”.

noun
A word like table, dog, teacher, Americaetc. A noun is the name of an object, concept, person or place. A “concrete noun” is something you can see or touch like a person or car. An “abstract noun” is something that you cannot see or touch like a decision or happiness. A “countable noun” is something that you can count (for example: bottle, song, dollar). An “uncountable noun” is something that you cannot count (for example: water, music, money).

object
In the active voice, a noun or its equivalent that receives the action of the verb. In the passive voice, a noun or its equivalent that does the action of the verb.

participle
The -ing and -ed forms of verbs. The -ingform is called the “present participle”. The -ed form is called the “past participle” (for irregular verbs, this is column 3).

part of speech

One of the eight classes of word in English – noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction and interjection.

passive voice
In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb (eg The President was killed). See also Active Voice.

phrase
A group of words not containing a subject and its verb (eg on the table, the girl in a red dress).

predicate
Each sentence contains (or implies) two parts: a subject and a predicate. The predicate is what is said about the subject.

preposition
A word like at, to, in, over etc. Prepositions usually come before a noun and give information about things like time, place and direction.

pronoun
A word like I, me, you, he, him, it etc. A pronoun replaces a noun.

sentence
A group of words that express a thought. A sentence conveys a statement, question, exclamation or command. A sentence contains or implies a subject and a predicate. In simple terms, a sentence must contain a verb and (usually) a subject. A sentence starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.), question mark (?) or exclamation mark (!).

subject
Every sentence contains (or implies) two parts: a subject and a predicate. The subject is the main noun (or equivalent) in a sentence about which something is said.

tense
The form of a verb that shows us when the action or state happens (past, present or future). Note that the name of a tense is not always a guide to when the action happens. The “present continuous tense”, for example, can be used to talk about the present or the future.

verb
A word like (to) work, (to) love, (to) begin. A verb describes an action or state

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

=====Parts of Speech======
====English Grammar=====

Parts of speech

Classification of word is called parts of speech.
There are eight parts of speech in whole English.

Ø Noun اسم
Ø Pronoun اسم ضمیر
Ø Adjective صفت
Ø Verb فعل
Ø Adverb متعلق صفت
Ø Preposition حرف جار
Ø Conjunction وصل۔جوڑ
Ø Interjection مداخلت

The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence.
There are eight main parts of speech (also known as word classes): nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.

Most parts of speech can be divided into sub-classes. Prepositions can be divided into prepositions of time, prepositions of place etc. Nouns can be divided into proper nouns, common nouns, concrete nouns etc.

It is important to know that a word can sometimes be in more than one part of speech. For example with the word increase.
==========================================

1__NOUN – (Naming word) ===============
A noun is the name of a person, place, thing or idea.

Examples of nouns: Daniel, London, table, dog, teacher, pen, city, happiness, hope

Example sentences: Steve lives in Sydney. Mary uses pen and paper to write letters.
===========================================

2__PRONOUN – (Replaces a Noun) ================
A pronoun is used in place of a noun or noun phrase to avoid repetition.

Examples of pronouns: I, you, we, they, he, she, it, me, us, them, him, her, this, those

Example sentences: Mary is tired. She wants to sleep. I want her to dance with me.
===========================================

3__ADJECTIVE – (Describing word) ===============
An adjective describes, modifies or gives more information about a noun or pronoun.

Examples: big, happy, green, young, fun, crazy, three

Example sentences: The little girl had a pink hat.
==========================================

4__VERB – (Action Word) ======================
A verb shows an action or state of being. A verb shows what someone or something is doing.

Examples: go, speak, run, eat, play, live, walk, have, like, are, is

Example sentences: I like Woodward English. I study their charts and play their games.
==========================================

5__ADVERB – (Describes a verb) ================
An adverb describes/modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. It tells how, where, when, how often or to what extent. Many adverbs end in -LY

Examples: slowly, quietly, very, always, never, too, well, tomorrow, here

Example sentences: I am usually busy. Yesterday, I ate my lunch quickly.
===========================================

6__PREPOSITION – (Shows relationship) ===========
A preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. They can indicate time, place, or relationship.

Examples: at, on, in, from, with, near, between, about, under

Example sentences: I left my keys on the table for you.
============================================

7__CONJUNCTION – (Joining word) =============
A conjunction joins two words, ideas, phrases or clauses together in a sentence and shows how they are connected.

Examples: and, or, but, because, so, yet, unless, since, if.

Example sentences: I was hot and exhausted but I still finished the marathon.
===========================================

87__INTERJECTION – (Expressive word)==============
An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses a strong feeling or emotion. It is a short exclamation.

Examples: Ouch! Wow! Great! Help! Oh! Hey! Hi!

Example sentences: Wow! I passed my English test. Great! – Ouch! That hurt.
======================================

============= ARTICLE ==============
ARTICLE – (Defining word) =============
An article is used before a noun. These are divided into definite (the) and indefinite (a, an). Articles help define nouns.

Examples: a, an, the

Example sentences: I need a dictionary. The dictionary needs to be in English.

Pakistan_Affairs

Pakistan_Affairs

1* “City of colleges”
Ans. Lahore

2* “Replica of the sahara”
Ans. Skardu

3* “Gateway of Pakistan”
Ans. Karachi

4* “Bab-ul-Islam”
Ans. Sindh

5* “Swaziland of Pakistan”
Ans. Swat

6* “City of Textile”
Ans. Faisalabad

7* “Valley of Flowers”
Ans. Peshawar

8* “City of Saints”
Ans. Mutan

9* which city of the world is known as ” Little Pakistan”
Ans. Bradford

10* “Land of Five rivers”
Ans. Punjab

11* “Land of Brave People”
Ans. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgat Balistan

12* “Pearl of Himaliya”
Ans. Kaghan

13* “City of lightning”
Ans. Karachi

14* Texila university was established by the king ?
Ans. Ashoka

15* Badshahi Mosque located in lahore was built by?
Ans. Aurangzeb Alamgir

16* Lahore was properly walled city surrounded by …….gates ?
Ans. 12

17* Badshahi Mosque is located in?
Ans. Lahore

18* Badshahi Mosque was built in?
Ans. 1673

19* Baba farid Ganj shakar’s is located in?
Ans. pakpatan

20* Manora famous for tourism is name of ?
Ans. Island

21* Khawaja Ghulam Farid’s is located in?
Ans. Mithan kot

22* Lahore fort is also known as ?
Ans. Shahi Fort

23* Changa Manga Forest is located near ?
Ans. Lahore

24* Jahangir’s tomb is located in?
Ans. Lahore

25* “Heard of Khyber pakhtunkhwa”
Ans. Mardan

26* Baba Bulleh Shah’s tomb is located in ?
Ans. kasur

27* Shalimar Garden was built in?
Ans. 1642

28* “height of Siachin Glacier”
Ans. 20,000feet

29* “Linght of Siachan Glacier”
Ans. 75km

30* “Batora Glacier in located in”?
Ans. Gilgat Baltistan

31* “Baltura Glacier is located in “?
Ans. Gilgat Baltistan

32* second hightest glacier of the world ?
Ans. Siachan Glacier

33* what is the length of Batora Glacier?
Ans. 55

34* The desert comprises of part of Mianwali,Sargodha,Muzaffargarh and………?
Ans. Dera Ghazi Khan

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